Disruptive Mood Dysregulation
Disruptive Mood Dysregulationwas newly defined in the latest DSM-5; it aims to classify children between the age of 6 and 18 with extreme mood dysregulation and associated behavioral difficulties. Of note, symptoms of this disorder are characterized as frequently extreme in their emotional reactions and behaviors, in ways that are inconsistent with the situation, the child's age and the child's developmental level. Though prevalence rates have not yet been definitively studied, it has been estimated that the prevalence among children and adolescents is 2-5%, with higher prevalence in males and school-age children.
For any kind of mood disorder, a combination of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and medication treatment is proven most effective. However, depending on severity, age of onset, and current symptoms, medication treatment may not be warranted. Given the concerns of suicidality among individuals battling a mood disorder, safety monitoring and planning is always a key element in treatment planning.